Embraer Plane Crashes

EMB-110 Bandeirante, EMB-120 Brasilia, ERJ-135, ERJ-190

The following events are those involving at least one passenger death where the aircraft flight had a direct or indirect role. Excluded would be events where the only passengers killed were stowaways, hijackers, or saboteurs.

ERJ-190

  1. 24 August 2010; Henan Airlines ERJ-190; B-3130; flight VD8387; Yichun, China:
    The aircraft was on a scheduled domestic flight from Harbin to Yichun, China. The aircraft broke up and caught fire after it overran the runway after landing. At the time of the crash, there was fog in the area and limited visibility. The aircraft carried five crew members and 91 passengers, and 43 of the occupants were killed. At least one flight crew member survived.

ERJ-135

    29 September 2006; ExcelAire Legacy 600 (ERJ-135) and Gol Linhas Aereas 737-800; near Peixoto de Azevedo, Brazil:
    The aircraft was on a scheduled domestic flight from Manaus to Brasilia when it had a midair collision in the area of São Félix do Xingu with an Embraer ERJ- 135 Legacy 600 executive jet operated by ExcelAire. The ExcelAire Legacy 600 jet had been on a flight from São José dos Campos to Manaus. After the collision, which damaged the left wing, left stabilizer, and left elevator of the executive jet, the crew of the damaged ExcelAire aircraft was able to land at a nearby military airfield at Cachimbo, Brazil. The 737 subsequently crashed 30 kilometers (19 miles) north of the Peixoto de Azevedo municipality. The Legacy 600 was on the first leg of a delivery flight to the U.S. The 737 aircraft was also relatively new, having come into service with the airline less than three weeks before the crash.

    All six crew members and 148 passengers on the 737 were killed. The two crew members and five passengers on the Legacy 600 were not injured. This is not a numbered fatal event because the Legacy aircraft, although based on the design of the ERJ135 regional airliner, was not airline passenger flight. This event is a numbered fatal event for the 737.

    Fatal Events for Airlines of Latin America
    Fatal Events Involving the Boeing 737
    Fatal Events Involving a Midair Collision

EMB-110 Bandeirante

  1. 27 February 1975; VASP Embraer Bandeirante; São Paulo, Brazil: This aircraft crashed shortly after takeoff. Both crew members and all 13 passengers were killed.

  2. 22 January 1976; Transbrasil Embraer Bandeirante; Chapeco, Brazil: This aircraft crashed during takeoff. Both crew members and five of the six passengers were killed.

  3. 20 June 1977; TAMU Embraer Bandeirante; Salto, Uruguay: This aircraft crashed during landing. Both crew members and two of the six passengers were killed.

  4. 8 February 1979; Transportes Aereos Regionais (TAM) Embraer Bandeirante; Bauru, Brazil: This aircraft crashed during takeoff. Both crew members and all 16 passengers were killed.

  5. 24 February 1981; Votec Embraer Bandeirante; Belem, Brazil: This aircraft crashed during landing. Both crew members and 10 of the 12 passengers were killed.

  6. 2 September 1981; Aerotaca Embraer Bandeirante; Paipa, Colombia: This aircraft crashed during takeoff. Both crew members and 17 of the 19 passengers were killed.

  7. 7 October 1983; Transportes Aereos Regionais (TAM) Embraer Bandeirante; Aracatuba, Brazil: This aircraft crashed into level ground in a severe rain storm during the approach. Both crew members and five of the 13 passengers were killed.

  8. 18 April 1984; Votec Embraer Bandeirante; near Imperatiz, Brazil: The aircraft collided with a second Votec Bandeirante while both aircraft were in a holding pattern. The first aircraft lost control and crashed. Both crew members and all 16 passengers were killed. The other ditched in a river after having its left engine torn away. One passenger of the 16 on the second aircraft was also killed.

  9. 28 June 1984; Transportes Aereos Regionais (TAM) Embraer Bandeirante; near São Pedro da'Aldeia, Brazil: This aircraft had an en route mishap during an unscheduled flight. Both crew members and all 16 passengers were killed.

  10. 6 December 1984; Provincetown-Boston Airlines Embraer Bandeirante; Jacksonville, FL: Due to an undetermined problem with the control system and the flight crew reaction to the anomaly, the elevator and horizontal stabilizer separated from the aircraft during initial climb. Both crew members and all 11 passengers were killed.

  11. 23 January 1985; Aires Embraer Bandeirante; near Buga, Colombia: The aircraft suffered an en route mishap. Both crew members and all 17 passengers were killed.

  12. 23 June 1985; TABA Embraer Bandeirante; near Diamantino, Brazil: The aircraft had an engine failure soon after takeoff and hit a vehicle during a forced landing. Both crew members and all 17 passengers were killed.

  13. 13 March 1986; Simmons Airlines Embraer Bandeirante; Alpena, MI: The aircraft had an uncontrolled flight into terrain after the crew continued a descent below decision height in weather conditions that were below minimums for the approach. Neither the flight crew or the air traffic controllers were aware that the weather was below minimums. One of the two crew members and two of the seven passengers were killed.

  14. 6 February 1987; Talair Embraer Bandeirante; Stettin Bay, Papua New Guinea: The aircraft crashed into the sea during a heavy storm. Both crew members and 13 of the 16 passengers were killed.

  15. 1 March 1988; Comair (South Africa) Embraer Bandeirante; Wadeville, South Africa: It was suspected that the aircraft had an in flight breakup due to a suicide using explosives. Both crew members and all 15 passengers were killed.

  16. 14 November 1988; Wasawings Embraer Bandeirante; Seinajoki, Finland: The aircraft had a crash during landing. Both crew members and three of the 10 passengers were killed.

  17. 11 November 1991; Nordeste Embraer Bandeirante; near Recife, Brazil: The aircraft crashed into village five minutes after takeoff. All three crew members and 12 passengers were killed, as were two people on the ground.

  18. 3 February 1992; Nordeste Embraer Bandeirante; Caeitite, Brazil: The aircraft hit high ground in bad weather while positioning for visual approach. Both crew members and all 10 passengers were killed.

  19. 15 April 1992; Talair Embraer Bandeirante; near Daulo Pass, Papua New Guinea: The aircraft hit high ground in bad weather en route. Both crew members and nine of the 13 passengers were killed.

  20. 23 March 1993; Oeste Linhas Aereas Embraer Bandeirante; Tangara da Serra, Brazil: The aircraft crashed shortly after takeoff. Both crew members and all four passengers were killed.

  21. 7 May 1994; Rico Taxi Aereo; Embraer Bandeirante; San Gabriel, Brazil: The aircraft had a landing accident during an unscheduled passenger flight. Both crew members and six of the 14 passengers were killed.

  22. 19 July 1994; Alas Chiricanas Embraer Bandeirante; near Colon, Panama: The aircraft reportedly destroyed in flight by an explosive device. All three crew members and 18 passengers were killed.

  23. 24 May 1995; Knight Air Embraer Bandeirante; near Leeds, England: The aircraft broke up in flight during approach in stormy weather. The artificial horizon reportedly failed, and the weather radar was not serviceable prior to the aircraft's last departure. There was also evidence of a lightning strike The three crew members and nine passengers were all killed.

  24. 14 August 1995; Aires Colombia Embraer Bandeirante; near Santander, Colombia: The aircraft had a controlled flight into terrain into a mountain at the 14,500 foot (4420m) level. Both crew members and all eight passengers were killed.

  25. 1 November 1996; TAPSA Embraer Bandeirante; Tikal, Guatemala: The aircraft crashed five miles (eight km) from the airport during approach. Both crew members and all 14 passengers were killed.

  26. 9 December 1997; Sowind Air Bandeirante; Little Grand Rapids, Manitoba Canada: The aircraft crashed short of the runway during an approach in freezing rain and fog. One of the two crew members and three of the 15 passengers were killed.

  27. 16 June 1999; Airlink Bandeirante; near Goroka, Papual New Guinea: The aircraft was on a domestic flight from Nadzab to Goroka when it crashed into high ground about 12.5 miles (20 km) from Goroka. Both crew members and all 15 passengers were killed.

  28. 24 July 1999; Air Fiji Bandeirante; near Suva, Fiji: The aircraft was on a domestic flight from Suva to Nadi when it struck a ridge in a mountainous region of the island nation. Both crew members and all 15 passengers were killed.

  29. 7 February 2009; Manaus Aerotaxi Embraer Bandeirante; near Santo Antonio, Brazil: The aircraft was on a scheduled domestic flight from Coari. The crew reportedly encountered heavy rain and was attempted to turn back about an hour into the flight. The plane crashed into the Manacapuru River, killing both crew members and 22 of the 26 passengers. Eight of the passengers were small children.

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EMB-120 Brasilia

  1. 21 December 1987; Air Littoral Embraer Brasilia; Bordeaux, France: The aircraft crashed on approach in foggy conditions. All three crew members and 13 passengers perished.

  2. 5 April 1991; Atlantic Southeast Airlines Embraer Brasilia; Brunswick, GA: The aircraft lost control and crashed as a result of a malfunction of the left engine propeller control unit which allowed the propeller blade angles to go below the flight idle position. The NTSB also stated that contributing to the accident was the deficient design of the propeller control unit which did not correctly evaluate the failure mode that occurred during this flight, which resulted in an uncommanded and uncorrectable movement of the blades of the airplane's left propeller below the flight idle position. All three crew members and 20 passengers were killed. Among the passengers on that flight were former US Senator John Tower and NASA astronaut Sonny Carter

  3. 11 September 1991; Continental Express Embraer Brasilia; Flight 2574; Eagle Lake, TX: The aircraft was on a scheduled domestic flight from Laredo, TX to Houston, TX. The airplane broke up in flight while descending from cruise. The horizontal stabilizer separated from the fuselage before ground impact. Examination revealed that the 47 screw fasteners that would have attached the upper surface of the leading edge assembly for the left side of the horizontal stabilizer were missing. They had been removed the night before during scheduled maintenance. All three crew members and 11 passengers were killed.
    Wikipedia Entry About this Accident

  4. 21 August 1995; Delta Connection (Atlantic Southeast Airlines) Embraer Brasilia; near Carrolton, GA: As the aircraft was climbing through 18,000 feet, the left propeller shed a blade and the propeller would not feather. The crew was unable to maintain altitude and diverted to a nearby airport. The airplane hit trees and crashed about 5 miles (8 km) southeast of the airport and was destroyed by fire. One of the three crew members and seven of the 26 passengers were killed.
    NTSB Accident Summary
    NTSB Accident Report

  5. 9 January 1997; Delta Connection (Comair) Embraer Brasilia; near Monroe, MI: The aircraft was en route to Detroit Metro Airport from Cincinnati when it crashed shortly before dusk in a field about 20 miles (32 km) south of the airport. According to various news reports, the aircraft spiraled into the ground and was destroyed by the impact and subsequent fire. The weather at the time was overcast with snow, visibility 1.5 miles (2.4 km), and light winds. The flight crew did not have any unusual communications with air traffic control prior to the crash. The three crew members and 26 passengers were all killed.
    NTSB Accident Summary
    NTSB Accident Report

  6. 14 May 2004; Rico Linhas Aéreas Embraer Brasilia; near Manaus, Brazil: The airplane, on a domestic flight from São Paulo de Olivença to Manaus via Tefé, crashed in the tropical jungle near the Rio Negro river while approaching Manaus. All three crew members and 30 passengers were killed.

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Embraer Plane Crashes
http://www.airsafe.com/events/models/embraer.htm -- Revised: 24 August 2010